Navdurga - Garba and Raas -
Navaratra 2019 (April 6th to 14th)
What is Navratri ? |
Significance of Navratri |
Navratri Pooja |
Kalash Sthaapna in Navratri
Nine forms of Goddess Durga |
Goddess Durga Aarti |
Durga Chaalisa |
Navratri Celebrations |
Navratri and Garba dance
108 names of Goddess Durga |
Dance is a popular folk Dance of Gujarat. A graceful, rather
unique dance associated with the raas lila of Krishna and the gopis
(female cowherds). It is believed that Lord Krishna popularized the Ras
dance, Usha, the grand daughter-in-law of Lord Krishna gets the credit
for popularizing the Lasya Nritya, which came to be known as Garba
Dance. This dance is performed by ladies on the Navaratri days, Sharad
Purnima, Vasant Panchami, Holi and such other festive occasions. The
word Garba is derived from the word Garbha Deep meaning a lamp inside a
perforated earthen pot. The light inside the perforated earthen pot
symbolised the embryonic life. In this folk dance, ladies place the pot
with the lamp on their heads and move in circles, singing in time
measure by clapping their palms or snapping their fingers, to the
accompaniment of folk instruments. Formerly associated with the legend
of Krishna, Garbha is now a regular feature during the Navratri puja
(nine nights in honor and worship of the goddess Durga).
Garba songs are
mostly in praise of Mother Goddess Amba describing her form, powers, and
invoking her blessings. Also there are Garbas describing seasons and
social themes of domestic ends and married life.
accompaniments to Garba are Damru, Tabla, Nagara, pot drum, percussion,
Ektaro, Ravan hattho, Jantar, Pavo, shehani, murli, turi, and taturi.
which is supposed to belong to Kutch and Saurashtra is performed all over
Gujarat. The rasa traditions are as old as the Puranic period. In various parts
of the country, Rasa are danced in different manners. The main feature of Rasa
is dancing in a circle by men and woman, to the accompaniment of musical
instruments and keeping time either by clapping or beating of two sticks. The
number of dancers go from 8,16, 32 up to 64 couples, who also sing the song.
There are three varieties of Rasaka described.
dance where Danda or sticks are used.
dance where clapping is used.
dance where dancers cling to each other and dance like a creeper to a tree.
Raas Nritya is a
form of dance performed by lord Krishna with Gopikas. The Dandia variety of the
Raas Nritya of Gujarat is generally performed by a group of youthful persons,
both males and females, who move in circles to measured steps, beating time with
small sticks (called dandia) singing to the accompaniment of Dhol, Cymbals, Zanz,
flute or Shehnai. Now a days Dandia variety or Danda Rasaka is most popular
dance form which is performed by the dancers during the Navratri and is
popularly known as
The Gof variety of the raas is an intricate performance wherein the performers
holding coloured strings attached to a top, move in circles weaving and
unweaving different patterns.
of Saurashtra are known for their folk dance called the Mer Raas. White
shepherds perform what is called the Gher Raas. The Gheria Raas is a dance
performed by the agriculturists of south Gujarat.